While scientists study how nature works, engineers create new things, such as products, websites, environments, and experiences. Because engineers and scientists have different objectives, they follow different processes in their work. Scientists perform experiments using the scientific method; whereas, engineers follow the creativity-based engineering design process.
Both processes can be broken down into a series of steps, as seen in the table below.
|The Scientific Method||The Engineering Design Process|
|State your question||Define the problem|
|Do background research||Do background research|
|Formulate your hypothesis, identify variables||Specify requirements|
|Design experiment, establish procedure||Create alternative solutions, choose the best one and develop it|
|Test your hypothesis by doing an experiment||Build a prototype|
|Analyze your results and draw conclusions||Test and redesign as necessary|
|Communicate results||Communicate results|